Scottish news, weather, parliament, language, cities, mountains, rivers, poems, castles, lochs, islands . . . everything Scottish

saltire flag of scotland       

     


 
Scottish :
 
  HAME

Scottish Baby Names

Scottish Bagpipes

Scottish Books

Scottish Cities

Scottish Clans

Scottish Facts

Scottish Football

Scottish Gaelic

Scottish Ghosts

Scottish History

Scottish Humour Scripts

Scottish Images

Scottish Inventors

Scottish Islands

Scottish Jokes

Scottish Kilts

Scottish Lighthouses

Scottish Lion Rampant

Scottish Lochs

Scottish Marathons & Ultras

Scottish Midges

Scottish Money

Scottish Mountains

Scottish Music

Scottish Names

Scottish National Anthem

Scottish News

Scottish Nursery Rhymes

Scottish Parliament

Scottish Poetry

Scottish Postcards

Scottish Publishers

Scottish Quiz

Scottish Recipes

Scottish Rivers

Scottish Songs

Scottish Traffic News

Scottish Weather Forecast

Scottish Whisky Cocktails

Scottish Words

Strange Scottish Laws

Declaration of Arbroath

Gaelic Song Lyrics

Ghost Graveyard Webcam

Haunted Castle Webcam

Haunted Slain Castle Cam

Loch Ness Monster

Things to do in Scotland

Scottish Stuff



Best Websites

Scottish Links

Glasgow - Glaswegian


Funny Scottish Books by your webmaster - click on an image for more details

Robert Burns Scottish Poetry

midge joke book

haggis joke book


 

 
 
 
 
Scottish . biz . . . everything about Scotland

From Bonnie Scotland we bring you the very best of Scottish . . .

Scottish Bagpipes

The Great Highland Bagpipe (Gaelic : A' Phob Mhr, in English often abbreviated GHB) is a type of bagpipe native to Scotland. It has achieved widespread recognition through its usage in the British military and in pipe bands throughout the world.

The bagpipe is first attested in Scotland around 1400 A.D., having previously appeared in European artwork in Spain in the 1200s. The earliest references to Scottish bagpipes are in a military context, and it is in that context that the Great Highland Bagpipe became established in the British military and achieved the widespread prominence it enjoys today, whereas other bagpipe traditions throughout Europe, ranging from Spain to Russia, almost universally went into decline by the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Though widely famous for its role in military and civilian pipe bands, the Great Highland Bagpipe is also used for a solo virtuosic style called piobaireachd (aka pibroch).
 

scottish bagpipes

History

Though popular belief sets varying dates for the introduction of bagpipes to Scotland, concrete evidence is limited until approximately the 15th Century. The Clan Menzies still owns a remnant of a set of bagpipes said to have been carried at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314, though the veracity of this claim is debated. There are many ancient legends and stories about bagpipes which were passed down through minstrels and oral tradition, whose origins are now lost. However, textual evidence for Scottish bagpipes is more definite in 1396, when records of the Battle of the North Inch of Perth reference "warpipes" being carried into battle. These references may be considered evidence as to the existence of particularly Scottish bagpipes, but evidence of a form peculiar to the Highlands appears in a poem written in 1598 (and later published in The Complaynt of Scotland which refers to several types of pipe, including the Highland: "On hieland pipes, Scotte and Hybernicke / Let heir be shraichs of deadlie clarions."

 

Design

The Great Highland Bagpipe is classified as a woodwind instrument, like the bassoon, oboe, or clarinet. Although it is classified as a double reed instrument, the reeds are all closed inside the wooden stocks, instead of being played directly by mouth as other woodwinds are. The GHB actually has four reeds; the chanter reed (double), two tenor drone reeds (single), and one bass drone reed (single).

A modern set has a bag, a chanter, a blowpipe, two tenor drones, and one bass drone. The scale on the chanter is in Mixolydian mode, which has a flattened 7th or leading tone. It has a range from one whole tone lower than the tonic to one octave above it (in piper's parlance: Low G, Low A, B, C#, D, E, F#, High G, and High A; the C and F could or should be called sharp but this is often omitted).* Yet the notes played are actually in the key of B♭. Although less so now, depending on the tuning of the player, certain notes are tuned slightly off just intonation, for example, the D could be tuned slightly sharp for effect. However, today the notes of the chanter are usually tuned in just intonation to the Mixolydian scale. The two tenor drones are an octave below the keynote (Low A) of the chanter) and the bass drone two octaves below.

Modern developments have included reliable synthetic drone reeds, and synthetic bags that deal with moisture arguably better than hide bags.


 
Text courtesy Wikipedia


<-- Previous     |     Next -->
 
Bagpipe Pictures
 

Scottish piper playing his bagpipe at a London Underground

Girls play the bagpipes too

A true bride will not let bagpipes steal her thunder

Regent Street Festival 2008 Bagpipe players from Dundee

A young piper shows how the bagpipes should be played

Northern Constabulary Pipe Band Scottish Champions 2007

Scottish bagpipes in Edinburgh

Danger Men in Kilts

Weird duck bagpipes not quite Scottish

Scottish Pipe band

Scottish Pipe Band Drummers

Scottish Santa plays the bagpipes

Busker playing bagpipes in Argyle Street Glasgow

Scottish Piper on the Paris Metro shows off his Bagpipes

Bagpipes at an Indian wedding

Scottish Pipers playing bagpipes in California

Playing Bagpipes on the golf course

Bagpipe busker in Westminster England

Scottish Bagpipes escape to London

Regents Street Indian Festival Shree Muktajeevan Pipe Band Indian Scottish Pipers

Scottish Pipe Band Parade in Snow at Christmas

Scottish Piper leading the wedding procession

Scottish Piper at Elgin Cathedral

Haggis or Bagpipes You decide

Scottish Drummers and Bagpipes

A Scottish Piper at Wall Street Subway New York City America

A lone piper

Scottish Bagpipes Parade

Bagpipes and drums on parade

Every wedding must have a piper

Scottish Bagpipe Band in Alma Michigan

Wearing Stewart Clan Tartan Kilt playing Amazing Grace on bagpipes Memorial at RAF Lakenheath

Scottish Piper on the Bridge

No Scottish wedding would be complete without a piper

Piper playing bagpipes in Scottish Highlands

Bagpipe Poems

 

Malmaison by Amy Lowell

The King and the Shepherd by Anne Kingsmill Finch

Poem (Remember midsummer: the fragrance of box) by Delmore Schwartz

The Gypsy and the Wind by Federico Garcia Lorca

The Reeve's Tale by Geoffrey Chaucer

Evangeline: A Tale of Acadie by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

M'Fingal - Canto II by John Trumbull

Little Birds by Lewis Carroll

The Three Voices by Lewis Carroll

The Flower-School by Rabindranath Tagore

The Happy Townland by William Butler Yeats

The Dance by William Carlos Williams

The Ashantee War by William Topaz McGonagall

The Battle of Alma by William Topaz McGonagall

The Battle of El-Teb by William Topaz McGonagall

The Battle of Glencoe by William Topaz McGonagall

The Battle of Tel-el-Kebir by William Topaz McGonagall

The Capture of Lucknow by William Topaz McGonagall

 

 

 
 
If you found "Scottish Bagpipes" interesting then check out our other :

More Scottish

 
From A Midge in Your Hand is Worth Two Up Your Kilt by Stuart McLean

Old Scottish Proverbs Revamped

Proverb

As poor as a kirk mouse.

Translation

As poor as a Wester Hailes mouse the day after the Dole money has been pissed against a wall. Bairns speak i' the field what they hear i' the ha'. Please miss ma maws having an affair wae the man next door . . . and so is ma da. Birds and blethers fly. Carrier pigeons and emails are great ways of spreading malicious gossip.

 
 
Scottish . biz . . . everything about Scotland
Other Stuff :
 

 

 
 
   
   
   

NOTES : Some of the pictures used on this site are "

Website Design Copyright 2010 by Scottish.biz

Contact email :