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Scottish Lighthouses List and Facts

Lighthouse Location Date Built Built By Date Automated
Ailsa Craig   Built 1886  Thomas and David A. Stevenson Automated1990
Ardnamurchan   Built 1849  Alan Stevenson Automated1988
Auskerry South East of Stronsay, Outer Hebrides Built 1867  David and Thomas Stevenson Automated1961
Barra Head Outer Hebrides Built 1833  Robert Stevenson Automated1980
Barns Ness   Built 1901  David A. Stevenson Automated1986
Bass Rock Firth of Forth Built 1902  David A. Stevenson Automated1988
Bell Rock   Built 1811  Robert Stevenson Automated1988
Bressay East side of Shetland Islands Built 1858  David and Thomas Stevenson Automated1989
Buchan Ness   Built 1827  Robert Stevenson Automated1988
Butt of Lewis   Built 1862  David and Thomas Stevenson Automated1998
Calf of Man Near Isle of Man

Built 1818 

Discontinued 1875.
New lighthouse built 1968 

Peter H. Hyslop Automated1995
Cantick Head Entrance to Scapa Flow Orkney Islands Built 1858  David and Thomas Stevenson Automated1987
Cape Wrath   Built 1828  Robert Stevenson Automated1988
Chanonry Moray Firth Built 1846  Alan Stevenson Automated1984
Chicken Rock Isle of Man Built 1875  David and Thomas Stevenson Automated1961
Clythness   Built 1916  David A. Stevenson Automated1964
Copinsay Mainland Orkney Built 1915  David A. Stevenson Automated1991
Coreswall Point   Built 1816  Robert Stevenson Automated1994
Corran Loch Linnhe Built 1860  David and Thomas Stevenson Automated1970
Covesea Skerries Moray Firth Built 1846  Alan Stevenson Automated1984
Cromarty Moray Firth Built 1846  Alan Stevenson Automated1985
Davaar Kintyre Built 1854  David and Thomas Stevenson Automated1983
Douglas Head Isle of Man Built 1859  David and Thomas Stevenson Automated1986
Dubh Artach Colonsay Built 1872  David and Thomas Stevenson Automated1971
Duncansby Head   Built 1924  David A. Stevenson Automated1997
Dunnet Head   Built 1831  Robert Stevenson Automated1989
Eilean Glas Scalpay Built 1789  Thomas Smith Automated1978
Eshaness Mainland Shetland Built 1929  David A. Stevenson Automated1974
Fair Isle North Shetland Islands Built 1892  David A. Stevenson Automated1981
Fair Isle South Shetland Islands Built 1892  David A. Stevenson Automated1998
Fidra Firth of Forth Built 1885  Thomas and David A. Stevenson Automated1970
Fladda Inner Hebrides Built 1860  David and Thomas Stevenson Automated1956
Flannan Isle West of Lewis Built 1899 David A. Stevenson Automated1971
Girdle Ness Near Aberdeen Built 1833  Robert Stevenson Automated1991
Hellier Holm Mainland Orkney Built 1893  David A. Stevenson Automated1967
Holburn Head   Built 1862  David and Thomas Stevenson Automated1988
Holy Island Inner Inner Hebrides Built 1877  David and Thomas Stevenson Automated1976
Holy Isle Outer Inner Hebrides Built 1905  David A. Stevenson Automated1977
Hoy Sound High Graemsay, Orkney Built 1851  Alan Stevenson Automated1978
Hoy Sound Low Graemsay, Orkney Built 1851 Alan Stevenson Automated1966
Hyskeir Inner Hebrides Built 1904  David A. Stevenson Automated1997
Inchkeith   Built 1804  Robert Stevenson Automated1986
Isle of May   Built 1816  Robert Stevenson Automated1989
Killantringan   Built 1900  David A. Stevenson Automated1988
Kinnaird Head   Built 1787  Thomas Smith Automated1991
Kyleakin   Built 1857  David and Thomas Stevenson Automated1960
Discontinued when
Skye Bridge built
Langness Isle of Man Built 1880  Thomas Stevenson Automated1996
Lismore   Built 1833  Robert Stevenson Automated1965
Little Ross Kirkcudbright Bay Built 1843  Robert Stevenson Automated1960
Loch Indaal Islay Built 1869  David and Thomas Stevenson Never manned
Loch Ryan   Built 1847  Alan Stevenson Automated1964
Maughold Head Isle of Man Built 1914  David A. Stevenson Automated1992
McArthur's Head Islay Built 1861  David and Thomas Stevenson Automated1969
Monach North Uist Built 1864  David and Thomas Stevenson Automated1942
Muckle Flugga Unst, Shetland Islands Built 1854  David and Thomas Stevenson Automated1995
Mull of Galloway   Built 1830  Robert Stevenson Automated1988
Mull of Kintyre   Built 1787  Thomas Smith Automated1996
Neist Point Skye Built 1909  David A. Stevenson Automated1990
North Carr East Coast Built 1887  David A. Stevenson Automated1975
North Ronaldsay Orkney Islands Built 1789
Discontinued 1809.
New lighthouse built 1854 
David and Thomas Stevenson
// Thomas Smith
Noss Head Near Wick Built 1849  Alan Stevenson Automated1987
Noup Head Westray, Orkney Islands Built 1898  David A. Stevenson Automated1964
Ornsay Near Skye Built 1857  David and Thomas Stevenson Automated1962
Out Skerries East of Shetland Islands Built 1854  David and Thomas Stevenson Automated1972
Pentland Skerries   Built 1794  Thomas Smith Automated1994
Pladda   Built 1790  Thomas Smith Automated1990
Point of Ayre Isle of Man Built 1818  Robert Stevenson Automated1991
Rattray Head   Built 1895  David A. Stevenson Automated1982
Rinns of Islay   Built 1825  Robert Stevenson Automated1998
Rona   Built 1857  David and Thomas Stevenson Automated1975
Rubh' Re   Built 1912  David A. Stevenson Automated1986
Rubha nan Gall Sound of Mull Built 1857  David and Thomas Stevenson Automated1970
Ruvaal Islay Built 1859  David and Thomas Stevenson Automated1983
Sanda   Built 1850  Alan Stevenson Automated1991
Scurdie Ness   Built 1870  David and Thomas Stevenson Automated1987
Skerryvore South of Tiree Built 1844  Alan Stevenson Automated1994
Skervuile Sound of Jura Built 1865  David and Thomas Stevenson Discontinued 1945
St. Abb's Head   Built 1862  David and Thomas Stevenson Automated1993
Start Point Sanday Built 1806  Robert Stevenson Automated1962
Stoer Head   Built 1870  David and Thomas Stevenson Automated1978
Stornoway   Built 1852  Alan Stevenson Automated1963
Strathy Point   Built 1958  Peter H. Hyslop Automated1958
Stroma Pentland Firth Built 1896  David A. Stevenson Automated1996
Sule Skerry West of Orkney Islands Built 1895  David A. Stevenson Automated1982
Sumburgh Head Shetland Built 1821  Robert Stevenson Automated1991
Tarbat Ness   Built 1830  Robert Stevenson Automated1995
Tiumpan Head Isle of Lewis Built 1900  David A. Stevenson Automated1985
Tod Head   Built 1897  David A. Stevenson Automated1986
Turnberry   Built 1873  David and Thomas Stevenson Automated1986
Ushernish South Uist Built 1857  David and Thomas Stevenson Automated1970

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The Poem Flannan Isle By Wilfred Wilson Gibson (1879-1962)

This poem refers to a mysterious incident that occurred on Flannan Isles in 1900, when three lighthouse-keepers disappeared without explanation.

Though three men dwell on Flannan Isle
To keep the lamp alight,
As we steered under the lee, we caught
No glimmer through the night.

A passing ship at dawn had brought
The news; and quickly we set sail,
To find out what strange thing might ail
The keepers of the deep-sea light.

The Winter day broke blue and bright,
With glancing sun and glancing spray,
As o'er the swell our boat made way,
As gallant as a gull in flight.

But, as we neared the lonely Isle;
And looked up at the naked height;
And saw the lighthouse towering white,
With blinded lantern, that all night
Had never shot a spark
Of comfort through the dark,
So ghostly in the cold sunlight
It seemed, that we were struck the while
With wonder all too dread for words.

And, as into the tiny creek
We stole beneath the hanging crag,
We saw three queer, black, ugly birds-
Too big, by far, in my belief,
For guillemot or shag-
Like seamen sitting bolt-upright
Upon a half-tide reef:
But, as we neared, they plunged from sight,
Without a sound, or spurt of white.

And still to mazed to speak,
We landed; and made fast the boat;
And climbed the track in single file,
Each wishing he was safe afloat,
On any sea, however far,
So it be far from Flannan Isle:

And still we seemed to climb, and climb,
As though we'd lost all count of time,
And so must climb for evermore.
Yet, all too soon, we reached the door-
The black, sun-blistered lighthouse-door,
That gaped for us ajar.

As, on the threshold, for a spell,
We paused, we seemed to breathe the smell
Of limewash and of tar,
Familiar as our daily breath,
As though 't were some strange scent of death:
And so, yet wondering, side by side,
We stood a moment, still tongue-tied:
And each with black foreboding eyed
The door, ere we should fling it wide,
To leave the sunlight for the gloom:
Till, plucking courage up, at last,
Hard on each other's heels we passed,
Into the living-room.

Yet, as we crowded through the door,
We only saw a table, spread
For dinner, meat and cheese and bread;
But, all untouched; and no one there:
As though, when they sat down to eat,
Ere they could even taste,
Alarm had come; and they in haste
Had risen and left the bread and meat:
For at the table-head a chair
Lay tumbled on the floor.

We listened; but we only heard
The feeble cheeping of a bird
That starved upon its perch:
And, listening still, without a word,
We set about our hopeless search.

We hunted high, we hunted low;
And soon ransacked the empty house;
Then o'er the Island, to and fro,
We ranged, to listen and to look
In every cranny, cleft or nook
That might have hid a bird or mouse:

But, though we searched from shore to shore,
We found no sign in any place:
And soon again stood face to face
Before the gaping door:
And stole into the room once more
As frightened children steal.

Aye: though we hunted high and low,
And hunted everywhere,
Of the three men's fate we found no trace
Of any kind in any place,
But a door ajar, and an untouched meal,
And an overtoppled chair.

And, as we listened in the gloom
Of that forsaken living-room-
A chill clutch on our breath-
We thought how ill-chance came to all
Who kept the Flannan Light:
And how the rock had been the death
Of many a likely lad:
How six had come to a sudden end,
And three had gone stark mad:
And one whom we'd all known as friend
Had leapt from the lantern one still night,
And fallen dead by the lighthouse wall:
And long we thought
On the three we sought,
And of what might yet befall.

Like curs, a glance has brought to heel,
We listened, flinching there:
And looked, and looked, on the untouched meal,
And the overtoppled chair.
We seemed to stand for an endless while,
Though still no word was said,
Three men alive on Flannan Isle,
Who thought, on three men dead.

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